Category Archives: Political

The History of Political Theory

Review of The History of Political Theory by Garrett Ward Sheldon

GenZconservative, 14 March 2021

Introduction

As I’ve said before, political philosophy is something I find interesting but struggle with reading and truly comprehending it. I love reading books like The PrinceLeviathan, and The Federalist Papers, but wonder how much I’m able to glean from the complex ideas in those books. However, my eyes were opened to the value of well-written, concise discussions of political philosophy when I read Professor Sheldon’s The Political Philosophy of Thomas Jefferson and, shortly afterward, The Political Philosophy of James Madison. Because I enjoyed those books so much, I chose to read his The History of Political Theory: Ancient Greece to Modern America.

As you should be able to guess from the title, The History of Political Theory covers how political theory has developed over the years. Beginning with Socrates and ending with Benjamin Barber, it covers some of the most influential political thinkers, generally from the West, and what their ideas were.

If you don’t have time to read the full review, just know this: The History of Political Theory is a book you need to read. To develop a better political system, we must understand the political ideas of the past, as those ideas are the concepts from which our system extends. We must understand them so that we can tweak and refine them in our quest to create the “more perfect Union” referred to in the Constitution. Read it. You won’t regret doing so.

Read the rest here…

BURKE ON NATURAL RIGHTS AND THE RIGHT TO FREE SPEECH

The arguments for free speech in current debates are almost exclusively based on a principal of utility. Simply put, free speech will result in benefits for society. Those acquainted with the academic discourse on free speech are likely to appeal to J.S. Mill’s utilitarian arguments which he summarises in four points. In brief, to suppress all beliefs in favour of one held to be the truth, presupposes infallible judgement. No one and no group is infallible. Thus the clash of many opinions is the way to the truth. That presupposes free speech. If people reason their way to true belief, they will not hold that belief by prejudging – not as a prejudice.

If arguments from pure utility are unconvincing for some, one can also mount a Burkean defence of free speech incorporating an idea of utility, but one drawn from man’s nature rather than resting solely on a principle of utility. There are two crucial passages in Burke that provide the basis. The first is in the Reflections:

[Without civil society] man could not by any possibility arrive at the perfection of which is nature is capable, nor even make a remote and faint approach to it… He who gave our nature to be perfected by our virtue, willed also the necessary means of its perfection – He will therefore the state – He willed its connection with the source and the original archetype of all perfection.

The second is in the Appeal:

The state of civil society… is a state of nature; and much more truly so than a savage incoherent mode of life. For man is by nature reasonable; and he is never perfectly in his natural state, but when he is placed where reason many be best cultivated, and most predominates.

These passages constitute Burke’s refutation of the state of nature arguments of Hobbes, Locke, Paine and others, but they can be extended to defend free speech within the limits of the natural law. The basic argument is that man as a being with moral consciousness and a perception of the natural law needs to be in community with other such beings in order for that consciousness and perception to operate. But it is not a question of mere operation. A being in community with others and with a consciousness of right and wrong naturally seeks what’s right and avoids what’s wrong.

Continue reading BURKE ON NATURAL RIGHTS AND THE RIGHT TO FREE SPEECH

Was the 2020 US Election rigged?

I read a number of serious analyses of the 2020 US election that argued with evidence that the election was manipulated at the ballot box – forget about the sabotage by the ‘usual suspects’ in the media, government, and civil service. None of those analyses got past a few conservatives who had grave concerns. The claims of an unfair election died accordingly. But Trump’s enemies may have been a little too complacent.

*****

‘Trump was right’ in saying ‘election was rigged’: major British newspaper

‘If that election had taken place in any other country, it would have been called ‘unfree,’ journalist Rod Liddle wrote.

Wed Sep 29, 2021

LONDON (LifeSiteNews) — A major British newspaper published an article that challenged the legitimacy of Joe Biden’s election to the U.S. presidency in November, calling it a “fraud” and claiming that “Trump was right.” 

The article was published by journalist Rod Liddle in the Sunday Times on September 26 under the headline: “So Trump was right: the election was rigged. And our next one will be too.” It endorsed Trump’s allegations that Biden did not win the last U.S. presidential election fairly, and warns that the same thing could happen in the U.K. 

Liddle began his article by contrasting Biden’s promise to “undo the moral and national shame of the previous administration” with his actual presidential record so far, pointing out that the 78-year-old Democrat seems to be getting a free pass for his mismanagement of the border crisis. Liddle argues that, had this happened under Trump, “Hollywood and the partisan coastal media would have imploded in a plasma of outrage,” whereas Biden appears to have “largely escaped their censure.”

“I’m not sure, either, that the little old business in Afghanistan entirely banished America’s moral and national shame,” Liddle continued, in reference to Biden’s appalling mishandling of the withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan, and added “nor Biden’s inability to remember where the hell he is or who he is talking to; nor his geopolitical pig ignorance or his tendency to doze off at crucial moment.”

Liddle also wrote that “if that election had taken place in any other country, it would have been called ‘unfree,’’ before expressing concerns that the same thing could happen in the U.K.

“As more and more evidence emerges, it terrifies me that the same thing could happen here,” he said.

Read the rest here…

Revolution in America

Professor Sheldon wrote this piece before the election last November. It interesting to see how right his predictions have been so far after only 100 days.

Reflections on the Revolution in America of 2020

Professor Garrett Ward Sheldon

When the conservative philosopher Edmund Burke wrote REFLECTIONS ON THE FRENCH REVOLUTION he described, with horror, the total destruction of the ancient regime in France, and the replacement of this elegant civilized (if imperfect) Medieval Country with a barbaric, mad, chaotic Reign of Terror.

If the Democrats prevail in this election, America will suffer a similar fate: Obamaism on steroids: floods of illegal immigrantsDrug Cartel money and destruction; human slave trafficking; return to Globalist Control with China, EU, and Iran. Total censorship by Big Tech, politicized and weaponized federal agencies and education. Use of medicinal lockdowns to control the population. Persecution of the Church, abortion, infanticide, euthanasia of the sick and elderly. Every perversion known to humanity: trans, pedophilia, sadism.

The end of America as ever known, as the French Revolution was of old France. 

Of course, this is a “worse case scenario.” Personally, I think the voter fraud that would bring this disaster will be exposed and corrected. Trumpism with four more years will practically drain the entire Swamp, American values and practice (Faith, Family, Country, Work, Prosperity) will largely return, by the Grace of God. 

But, even if the Biden/Harris regime assumes power, realities may blunt its effort. 

Read the rest here…

Review of Professor sheldon’s book on political theory

Recent reviewers have celebrated the thirtieth anniversary of the publication of emeritus Professor Garrett Ward Sheldon’s book on political theory: THE HISTORY OF POLITICAL THEORY. The review below is of the book in anticipation of a new updated edition.

*****

Review by GEN Z CONSERVATIVE

Introduction

As I’ve said before, political philosophy is something I find interesting but struggle with reading and truly comprehending it. I love reading books like The PrinceLeviathan, and The Federalist Papers, but wonder how much I’m able to glean from the complex ideas in those books. However, my eyes were opened to the value of well-written, concise discussions of political philosophy when I read Professor Sheldon’s The Political Philosophy of Thomas Jefferson and, shortly afterward, The Political Philosophy of James Madison. Because I enjoyed those books so much, I chose to read his The History of Political Theory: Ancient Greece to Modern America.

As you should be able to guess from the title, The History of Political Theory covers how political theory has developed over the years. Beginning with Socrates and ending with Benjamin Barber, it covers some of the most influential political thinkers, generally from the West, and what their ideas were.

If you don’t have time to read the full review, just know this: The History of Political Theory is a book you need to read. To develop a better political system, we must understand the political ideas of the past, as those ideas are the concepts from which our system extends. We must understand them so that we can tweak and refine them in our quest to create the “more perfect Union” referred to in the Constitution. Read it. You won’t regret doing so.

Read the rest here…

Louise Milligan’s 6th grade spiteful Girls’ club is on the rampage – again

I hardly took notice when a young women accused a man connected to the Liberal (read conservative) Party of rape. I took in the bare details that the alleged rape took place after a night of drinking and the couple had gone to someone’s unlit office in Parliament house – to have a cup of tea and a scone, no doubt. I didn’t take much notice because I knew what would follow.

‘We see you, we hear you, we believe you.’

Milligan and her spiteful pals were immediately on the case beating up the usual scenario of a toxic environment in which women are always the helpless victims. Of course, the toxic environment is always one inhabited by knuckle-dragging conservative types – the male-males that Milligan hates.

As expected, more cases emerged, the last being (horror!) of someone stroking a woman’s thigh. What trauma that totally helpless young woman must have suffered.

As expected, the actions of this one man were extended to the whole herd of conservative males in Canberra. They were all guilty of raping the woman.

The cry went up from Milligan and her spiteful pals. Action must be taken! There was no end to the prescriptions to deal with the uncontrollable males roaming Canberra on the lookout for helpless young women.

When the girls’ club rose in fury about the alleged rape by a cabinet minister of a women 33 years ago, my wife asked who they were talking about. I said, ‘I haven’t a clue, but if I have to guess, it’s probably Christian Porter. ‘Why,’ said my wife? I replied, ‘Because Milligan and her 6th Grade Spiteful Girls’ Club are after him and they won’t let him go. He’s done for.’

Christian Porter is a much lesser scalp than Cardinal Pell, but a prize one, nevertheless. Now, who’s next?

The Political Philosophy of Thomas Jefferson

The world’s attention has been on American politics and American government for the last few months. The reference to the American Constitution and its founders has been constant. Indeed, understanding the impeachment process and the choice of a supreme court judge requires some knowledge of the constitution and its contributors. Professor Garrett Ward Sheldon has written a book about Thomas Jefferson, one of the most influential of the founding fathers. His book, The Political Philosophy of Thomas Jefferson, is favourably reviewed below.

*****

Summary of The Political Philosophy of Thomas Jefferson by Garrett Ward Sheldon

To show what elements of what theories comprised Jefferson’s political philosophy, Sheldon traces the development of his political thoughts alongside the development of America, showing how Jefferson’s thoughts changed as America evolved throughout The Political Philosophy of Thomas Jefferson.

First, before delving into the relationship between Jefferson’s thoughts and America’s evolving national character, Sheldon describes the combination of Lockean liberalism and classical republicanism that primarily contributed to Jefferson’s political philosophy, hinting at how Jefferson was able to blend “many philosophical concepts into a comprehensive and coherent political philosophy, the essence of which [might] be closer to classical republicanism than to Lockean liberalism.”

Then, after delving into the attributes of and differences between the two, Sheldon begins his history-based approach, starting, as should be expected, with America as a colony. In this chapter, Sheldon discusses how “the position that the American colonists found themselves in…accounted for much of their feelings of both affection for, and resentment of, the royal British Empire.”

Read the rest here…

The political philosophy of James Madison

The world’s attention has been on American politics and American government for the last few months. The reference to the American Constitution and its founders has been constant. Indeed, understanding the impeachment process and the choice of a supreme court judge requires some knowledge of the constitution and its contributors. Professor Garrett Ward Sheldon has written a book about James Madison, one of the writers of the constitution. His book, The Political Philosophy of James Madison, is favourably reviewed below.

*****

Summary of The Political Philosophy of James Madison by Garrett Ward Sheldon

Admin, Gen Z Conservative, 11 February 2021

The Political Philosophy of James Madison is, as you might expect, about Madison’s political beliefs and how he came to them. Given that he was a Founding Father, the author of the Constitution, an author of The Federalist Papers, and one of the pre-eminent Virginians from the early American time period, understanding how he thought and what he envisioned for America is singularly important.

To help the reader understand Madison’s political thoughts, Sheldon begins with a brief introduction to it and the ideas that will be discussed. According to him, Madison’s political views changed over time, shifting between aspects of American nationalism, Lockean liberalism, and Classical Republicanism, yet were held together and coherent because of their grounding in Protestant Christianity, specifically Calvinist culture and theology.

Additionally, although being associated with Jefferson, who had, at times, radical views on liberty, and being a key opponent of the Federalist Party, Madison was no anarchist; while his views on what measure of national control was acceptable, he never shifted away from the basic premise that the national government should remain, to some degree, supreme.

After that brief introduction to Madison and his political ideas, Sheldon shifts to the first real chapter of The Political Philosophy of James Madison, which is on the intellectual underpinnings of James Madison’s political thoughts. To Sheldon, the root of many of those thoughts was Calvinist theology and his belief that it and reason complemented each other. For example, Madison’s writings, even later in life, reflected his Calvinist upbringing; they lacked the rhetorical flair of Jefferson and were instead well-grounded and ordered.

Read the rest here…

The way ahead for Trump

Professor Sheldon covers President Trump’s considerable achievements before sketching what he hopes the former president will do. His description of the unrelenting attack by the American left through a corrupt media should remind Australians of the bastardry to which the contemptible media in this country subjected former prime minister Tony Abbott. Conservatives have to come to a clear understanding of the extent to which the political process has become a tool of a traitor class, a class that works to subvert everything about traditional western society.

What Should Trump Do Now?

Professor Garrett Ward Sheldon, Gen Z Conservative

Neither I nor anyone else should presume to tell Donald Trump what to do. He is quite capable of deciding for himself, which I’m sure he will do. I am writing only what I HOPE he will do, for himself, our country, and the world.

President Donald Trump will go down in history as the greatest victim of political abuse and harassment, in spite of (or perhaps because of!) his popularity, extraordinary accomplishments, and personal character.

Since BEFORE his bid for the Presidency, he has been maligned, slandered, falsely accused, attacked in every way, ridiculed, misrepresented, and finally cheated out of the greatest landslide victory of any American Presidential election. Throughout all this, he has shown remarkable restraint, discretion, respect, and professionalism. He is a Real Hero.

Read the rest here…